Like other families whose names originated from trees and plants, Teixeira would have appeared in a place where there are many specimens of the tree Taxus Baccata, popularly known as yew. In addition, the family is very old, with documentary records with the surname Teixeira since the 12th century.
It is interesting to note that this tree, although common in both central and western Europe, is also found in North Africa and the Middle East. As for Portugal, the yew tree is common in the higher areas, in the north of the country. In addition to the poison of their leaves, they were common in the manufacture of beasts and bows and arrows during the Middle Ages.
The first Teixeiras
According to researchers, the surname was initially used during the 12th century by Senhor de Teixeira and Gestaçô, D. Hermígio Mendes de Teixeira, who was married to D. Maria Pais, daughter of D. Paio de Novais. The descendants kept Teixeira as a surname until the present day.
Some centuries later, D. João VI, king of Portugal and father of D. Pedro I of Brazil, signed a Royal Letter, on March 16, 1818, where he created the title of Barões de Teixeira, in favor of the great merchant and Portuguese capitalist Henrique Teixeira de Sampaio, 1st Lord of Sampaio, 1st Count of Póvoa, and then First Baron of Teixeira.
The first members of the Teixeira family arrived in Brazil at the end of the 18th century in different places. In the region of Minas Gerais, the highlight goes to the captain João Teixeira Marinho, the second with this name, which according to volume 11 of Paulistana Genealogy, by Marta Amado, was born in Santo André de Tolões, Bastos county, Portugal. João Teixeira Marinho married on August 31, 1761 in São João Del Rei, State of Minas Gerais, with Inácia Maria de São José (Inácia Ribeiro do Valle), daughter of Antonio do Valle Ribeiro and Rosa Maria de Jesus. This would be a branch of Ribeiro do Vale family, which descends from Sephardic Jew Antonio Bicudo Carneiro.
Another important branch originated from families Gois and Mello, which ended up being unified in Recife, in Pernambuco. Members of this Teixeira branch then left for the interior of the Ceara, where they settled in Mombasa, city of the central sertão, where it was highlighted in politics and economy, generating considerable descent, originating branches, through weddings, with emphasis on the Benevides and the Castle.
In the Northeast, the Teixeira branch originated by the Ensign Antonio Teixeira de Melo, which he obtained from the government of Paraíba, in 1755, dates from land four leagues away from Sitio Olho d'Água dos Canudos. It achieved such prominence in the region that the Serra da Borborema became known as Serra do Teixeira, as reported by Fábio Lafaiete Dantas and Maria Leda de Resende Dantas in their work, A Family in Serra do Teixeira: cast and facts. Later, Sítio Olho d'Água became the city of Teixeira. These Teixeira do Nordeste, by marriage, would have as their ascendant the Sephardic Jew Junca Montesinho.
Important to remember: Last names are indications, but they do not determine whether or not you are descendants of Sephardic Jews. To prove this link, a genealogical study is really necessary.
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